The South Korean National railway company, restructured from the Korean National Railroad (KNR).
It operates passenger and freight services truought South Korea, with an interesting mixture of american-made diesels, european-style electric locomotives and Japanese-inspired electric multiple units. It also operates the KTX service, South Korea’s high speed railway, based on the French TGV system.
Korean National Railroad (re-structured as Korail in 2005)
Founded in 1963 as the successor of the “Railroad Administration Bureau” (a Governmental department), and restructured into the new Korail in 2005, it oversaw a period of rapid technical progress and modernization, wich included the country’s railways electrification (using the French 25Kv 50Hz AC system), the creation of the first urban and suburban railway lines and in it’s last years, the construction of the KTX, South Korea’s high speed railway, based on the French TGV system.
Seoul Metropolitan Subway Co. (merged with SMRT in 2017 to form Seoul Metro)
The operator of the first four Seoul subway lines (1, 2, 3 and 4), founded in 1970 and merged in 2017 with the Seoul Mass Rapid Transit Co. (operator of lines 5, 6, 7 and 8) to form the Seoul Metro pubblic company.